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afganistan türkleri


Nüfusları 1.800.000 civarında olup yaşadıkları şehirler, Farab, Belh, Samangan, Kunduz, Tahhar ve Bedahşan'dır. Bunlar Özbekler, Türkmenler, Kazaklar ve Kırgızlar olarak alt gruplara ayrılmış olup sürekli bir iç savaşın yaşandığı ülkede durumları belirsizdir. Ancak Özbek General Raşid Dostum komutasındaki Özbekler, Taliban vb. gruplara karşı mücadele vermektedirler.


       Afganistan'da Türk dilini konuşanlar genel nüfusun % 10'unu kapsarlar. Türkçe burada üçüncü sırada dil grubudur. Afganistan'da sağlıklı bir nüfus sayımı yapılamadığı için verilen değerler tahminidir. Afganistan'daki Türk grupları şunlardır;

Özbekler: Afganistan'da, Farab, Belh, Mezar-ı Şerif, Samangan ve Kunduz'da yaşamaktadırlar. Sayıları 1 ile 1.5 milyonu bulduğu sanılmaktadır. Çiftçilikle ve hayvancılıkla uğraşırlar.

Türkmenler: Ülkenin Kuzeybatısında yaşarlar. Tahmini sayıları 200 bin civarındadır. Bunlar Teke, Şalar, Sarık, Çekra, Mavrı, Tarık aşiretleridir. Genellikle göçer vaziyette yaşamaktadırlar.

Kırgızlar: Afganistan'ın kuzeybatısında Tahhar ve Bedahşan bölgelerine yerleşmişlerdir. Sayıları 90 bin civarındadır. Büyük çoğunluğu hayatlarını göçebe olarak sürdürmektedirler.
Kazaklar : Sayıları azdır. Tamamı göçebe olarak yaşarlar. Çin bölgesinden göçebe olarak geldikleri zannedilmektedir.Afganistan'da Türk dili konuşanların okuma-yazma oranları çok düşüktür. Ekonomileri pamuk ve şeker pancarına dayanmaktadır. Ayrıca hayvancılık önemli bir yer tutar. Karakul koyunu ve el halıcılığı revaçtadır.

Kaynak :


Moğolistanda Türkler

Nogay Türkleri


Kumuk Türkleri

Sancak Türkleri

Kosova Türkleri

İran Türkleri

İdil-Ural Türkleri

Batı Trakya Türkleri

Balkanlarda Yaşayan Türkler

Ahiska Türkleri

Afganistan Türkleri

etiket:türk toplulukları

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