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Muhammed Tapar

Muhammed Tapar
Muhammed Tapar

 

 

Büyük Selçuklu Devleti sultanı. Sultan Melikşah?ın oğlu olup, 1082 yılında doğdu. Babasının 1092?de vefâtıyla, Selçuklu sultanı olan ağabeyi Berkyaruk?un yanında yetişti. Sultan Berkyaruk, ona, Gence havâlisinin idâresini verdi. Muhammed Tapar, Gence?ye gelerek Arran?ı da hâkimiyeti altına aldı. Kumandanlarının kışkırtmaları ile ağabeyine karşı zaman zaman isyân etti. Yapılan andlaşmayla Âzerbaycan, Diyar-ı Bekir ve el-Cezîre kendisine verildi. Sultan Berkyaruk?un vefâtından (1104) sonra, Bağdat?a gelerek Selçuklu tahtına geçti (1105).

Muhammed Tapar önce amcasının oğlu Mengü Bars?ın isyânını bastırdı. Daha sonra, ülkede uzun zamandır karışıklık çıkaran, anarşiyi tahrik eden Bâtınîlere karşı mücâdele etti. 1107?de Bâtınîlerin merkezi olan Alamut Kalesi kuşatıldı ve çok sayıda Bâtınî öldürüldü. Birinci Haçlı Seferinden sonra, Haçlı ordularının tam hâkimiyeti altına giren Suriye?de Haçlı devletleri kurulmaya başlanmıştı. Sultan Muhammed Tapar, Haçlılar üzerine ordular gönderdi. Ancak, kumandanlar arasında irtibat sağlanamadığından kesin sonuca gidilemedi. Sefer kumandanı Emir Mevdûd, Şam Câmiinde bir Bâtınî tarafından öldürüldü. Sultan, Haçlılara karşı Aksungur Porsuki?yi kumandanlığa getirdi. Bu arada ikinci bir orduyu yeniden Alamut üzerine gönderdi. Kalenin kuşatıldığı sırada âniden rahatsızlanarak vefât etti (1118). Sultanın beklenmedik ölümü, Haçlılara ve Bâtınîlere karşı açılan savaşların duraklamasına sebep oldu. Ondan sonra Büyük Selçuklu Devleti, dağılmaya yüz tuttu. Sultan Muhammed Tapar, Selçuklu Devletinin son büyük hükümdârı sayılmaktadır. Ebû Şücâ, Gıyâsüddünyâ ved-dîn, Kerîmü Emirü?l-müminîn unvanlarıyla tanınırdı.





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